Juan Ángel Ábrego-Fernández and Rafael Laniado-Laborín* Pages 21 - 25 ( 5 )
Background: Most TB deaths can be prevented with timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment. In fact, millions of people are diagnosed and treated successfully every year, avoiding millions of deaths. However, globally, there are still huge gaps in detection and treatment.
Objective: To identify the social determinants associated with mortality due to TB in a general hospital in Mexico.
Methodology: All patients admitted with a diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis to the Emergency Department of a hospital in Mexico were included during a 10-month period. At the end of the study, the condition of discharge of all cases was obtained from the electronic database of the State Tuberculosis Program.
Results: One-hundred and twenty-four patients with tuberculosis were included in the sample. Thirty-eight patients (30.6%) died during their hospital stay and eleven (8.9%) died outside the hospital after their discharge, for a total of 49 (39.5%) deaths. Of the 29 patients with HIV/AIDS, 12 died (41.3%). Logistic regression analysis showed that older age, imprisonment, and previous tuberculosis were significant predictors of mortality.
Conclusion: The mortality of tuberculosis patients diagnosed in HGT is very high, mainly because the diagnosis is established at the hospital level, which implies a late diagnosis.
Antituberculosis drugs, HIV, imprisonment, mortality, social determinants, tuberculosis.
Clinica y Laboratorio de Tuberculosis, Hospital General Tijuana, Tijuana, Clinica y Laboratorio de Tuberculosis, Hospital General Tijuana, Tijuana