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Benefits of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients with COPD with Use and without the Use of Supplemental Oxygen During Exercise

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Jhonatan Betancourt Peña, Juan Carlos Ávila Valencia, Jorge Karim Assis, Hugo Hurtado Gutiérrez and Vicente Benavides Córdoba*   Pages 281 - 288 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Objective: To determine the effects of a pulmonary rehabilitation program in patients with COPD who use and do not use supplemental oxygen during exercise.

Materials and Methods: Prospective longitudinal descriptive study on 59 patients with COPD who were part of a pulmonary rehabilitation program and who were classified into two groups: a group that required supplemental oxygen during rehabilitation and another that did not.

Results: 31 patients were linked to the group that used oxygen during rehabilitation and 28 patients who did not use it. The average age was 69.1 ± 10.6 years old. The mMRC dyspnea decreased 0.7 ± 0.2 (p = 0.000) in the group that used oxygen and 0.8 ± 0.1 (p = 0.000) in the group that did not use it. The distance increased 45.9 meters ± 7.2 (p = 0.000) in the group that used oxygen and 65.2 meters ± 16.3 (p = 0.001) in the group that did not use it.

Conclusion: Both groups showed significant improvements in dyspnea and aerobic capacity, however, there was a greater increase in the group that did not use oxygen.

Keywords:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dyspnea, exercise, rehabilitation, supplemental oxygen, WHO.

Affiliation:

Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation at Institución Universitaria Escuela Nacional del Deporte, Cali, Colombia, School of Human Rehabilitation of the Faculty of Health at Universidad del Valle, Cali, Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation at Institución Universitaria Escuela Nacional del Deporte, Cali, Colombia, Universidad Santiago de Cali (Cali, Colombia). Clínica de Occidente S.A; Clínica de Occidente S.A. Cali, Clínica de Occidente S.A. Cali, Msc Public Health. Msc Biostatistics, Faculty of Health at Universidad del Valle, Cali, Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation at Institución Universitaria Escuela Nacional del Deporte, Cali

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