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Benefits of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients with COPD with Use and without the Use of Supplemental Oxygen During Exercise

Author(s):

Jhonatan Betancourt Peña, Juan Carlos Ávila Valencia, Jorge Karim Assis, Hugo Hurtado Gutiérrez and Vicente Benavides Córdoba*   Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Objective: To determine the effects of a pulmonary rehabilitation program in patients with COPD who use and do not use supplemental oxygen during exercise.

Materials and Methods: Prospective longitudinal descriptive study in 59 patients with COPD who are part of a pulmonary rehabilitation program and who were classified into two groups: a group that required supplemental oxygen during rehabilitation and another that did not.

Results: 31 patients were linked to the group that used oxygen during rehabilitation and 28 patients who did not use it. The average age was 69.1 ± 10.6 years old. The mMRC dyspnea decreased 0.7 ± 0.2 (p = 0.000) in the group that used oxygen and 0.8 ± 0.1 (p = 0.000) in the group that did not use it. The distance increased 45.9 meters ± 7.2 (p = 0.000) in the group that used oxygen and 65.2 meters ± 16.3 (p = 0.001) in the group that did not use it.

Conclusion: Both groups showed significant improvements in dyspnea and aerobic capacity, however there was a greater increase in the group that did not use oxygen.

Keywords:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Supplemental oxygen, Exercise, Rehabilitation, Dyspnea., oxygen

Affiliation:

Physiotherapist. Specialist in Cardiac and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. MSc. Administration. Professor of the Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation at Institución Universitaria Escuela Nacional del Deporte (Cali, Colombia). Professor of the School of Human Rehabilitation of the Faculty of Health at Universidad del Valle (Cali, Colombia). , Physiotherapist. Specialist in Cardiac and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. MSc. Epidemiology. Professor of the Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation at Institución Universitaria Escuela Nacional del Deporte (Cali, Colombia). Universidad Santiago de Cali (Cali, Colombia). Clínica de Occidente S.A., MBA. Research Department Director at Clínica de Occidente S.A. (Cali, Colombia), Biologist. Msc Public Health. Msc Biostatistics. Associate Professor (J). Faculty of Health at Universidad del Valle (Cali, Colombia). , Physiotherapist. Specialist in Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy. Professor of the Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation at Institución Universitaria Escuela Nacional del Deporte (Cali, Colombia).



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